MANFAAT JAMUR KONSUMSI (EDIBLE MUSHROOM) DILIHAT DARI KANDUNGAN NUTRISI SERTA PERANNYA DALAM KESEHATAN

Netty Widyastuti, Donowati Tjokrokusumo

Abstrak


ABSTRAK: Beberapa jamur konsumsi (edible mushrooms) adalah makanan berharga yang populer karena rendah kalori, karbohidrat, lemak, dan natrium, bebas kolesterol. Jamur konsumsi memberikan nutrisi penting, termasuk selenium, kalium, riboflavin, niasin, vitamin D, protein, dan serat. Sepanjang sejarah, jamur konsumsi sebagai sumber makanan, juga berfungsi dalam penyembuhan dalam pengobatan tradisional. Telah dibuktikan bahwa jamur mempunyai efek menguntungkan bagi kesehatan untuk pengobatan beberapa penyakit. Banyak sifat nutraceutical  dalam jamur, seperti pencegahan atau pengobatan Parkinson, Alzheimer, hipertensi, dan risiko tinggi stroke. Jamur juga digunakan untuk mengurangi kemungkinan invasi kanker dan metastasis sebagai antitumor. Jamur sebagai antibakteri, penambah sistem kekebalan tubuh dan penurun kolesterol; selain itu, jamur juga sebagai sumbersenyawa bioaktif. Karena sifat-sifatini, beberapa ekstrak jamur digunakan untuk meningkatkan kesehatan manusia dan sebagai makanan suplemen.


ABSTRACT: Edible mushrooms are popular valuable foods because they are low in calories, carbohydrates, fat, and sodium: also, they are free of cholesterol. Edible mushrooms provide important nutrients, including selenium, potassium, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin D, proteins, and fiber. All together with a long history as food source, mushrooms are important for their healing capacities and properties in traditional medicine. It has reported beneficial effects for health and treatment of some diseases. Many nutraceutical properties are described in mushrooms, such as prevention or treatment of Parkinson, Alzheimer, hypertension, and high risk of stroke. They are also utilized to reduce the likelihood of cancer invasion and metastasis due to antitumoral attributes. Mushrooms act as antibacterial, immune system enhancer and cholesterol lowering agents; additionally, they are important sources of bioactive compounds. As a result of these properties, some mushroom extracts are used to promote human health and are found as dietary supplements.

Kata Kunci


jamur konsumsi, nutrisi, kesehatan

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Alves, M., Ferreira., I. F. R., Dias, J., Teixeira, V., Martins, A., and Pintado, M., 2012. A review on antimicrobial activity of mushroom (Basidiomycetes) extracts and isolated compounds. Planta Medica, 78 (16):1707–1718.

Boh, B., 2013. Ganoderma lucidum: a potential for biotechnological production of anti-cancer and immunomodulatory drugs. Recent Patents on Anti-Cancer Drug Discovery, 8(3):255–287.

Carneiro, A. A. J., Ferreira, I. C. F. R., Duenas, M., et al., 2013. Chemical composition and antioxidant activity of dried powder formulations of Agaricus blazei and Lentinus edodes. Food Chemistry, 138(4):2168–2173.

Chang S. T., and Buswell J. A., 2008. Safety, quality control and regulational aspects relating to mushroom nutriceuticals. Proc. 6th Intl. Conf. Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Products :188–95. GAMU Gmbh, Krefeld, Germany

Chang, S.-T. and Miles, P. G., 2008. Mushrooms: Cultivation, Nutritional Value, Medicinal Effect, and Environmental Impact. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 2nd edition.

Chen, N.-H., and Zhong, J.-J., 2011. p53 is important for the anti-invasion of ganoderic acid T in human carcinoma cells. Phytomedicine, 18(8-9):719–725.

Chen, Y.-F., Lu,W.-L, Wu,M.-D., and Yuan,G.-F., 2013. Analysis of Taiwan patents for the medicinal mushroom “niu-Chang-Chih”. Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition and Agriculture, vol. 5(1):62–69.

Daba, A.S., and Ezeronye, O.U., 2003. Minireview. Anti-cancer effect of polysaccharides isolated from higher basidiomycetes mushrooms. African Journal of Biotechnology, vol 2:272–278.

DeMelo, M. R., Paccola-Meirelles, Luzia D., De Jesus F., Terezinha, Kazue I., and Noemia., 2009. Influence of Flammulina Velutipes Mycelia Culture Conditions On Antimicrobial Metabolite Production. Mycoscience 50:78-81.

Desinova N. P., 2010. History of The Study Thrombolytic and Fibrinolytic Enzymes of Higher Basidiomycetes Mushrooms. International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms 12(3):317–326.

Ergonul, P. G., Akata, I., Kalyoncu, F., and Ergonul, B., 2013. Fatty acid compositions of six wild edible mushroom species. The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2013, Article ID 163964, 4 pages.

Finimundy, T. C., Gambato, G., Fontana, R. Fontana et al., 2013. Aqueous extracts of Lentinula edodes and Pleurotus sajor-caju exhibit high antioxidant capability and promising in vitro antitumor activity. Nutrition Research, 33(1):76–84.

Frangkrathok, N., Sripanidkulchai, B., Umehara, K., and Noguchi, H., 2013. Bioactive ergostanoids and a new polyhydroxyoctane from Lentinus polychrous mycelia and their inhibitory effects on E2-enhanced cell proliferation of T47D cells. Natural Product Research, 27(18):1611–1619.

https://hellosehat.com/nutrisi/fakta-gizi/ manfaat -jamur-enoki/ (diakses 26 Desember 2021; jam 14:23)

Inoue, N., Inafuku, M., Shirouchi, B., Nagao, K., and Yanagita, T., 2013. Effect of mukitake mushroom (Panellus serotinus) on the pathogenesis of lipid abnormalities in obese, diabetic ob/ob mice. Lipids Health Dis. 12:18. doi: 10. 1186/1476-511X-12-18

Jaelani., 2008. Jamur Berkhasiat Obat. Jakarta: Pustaka Obor Populer. Hal: 61-70.

Jang, M.-S., Hee-Yeon P., Hideki U., and Toshiaki O., 2009. Antioxidative Effects of Mushroom Flammulina velutipes Extract On Polyunsaturated Oils In Oil-in-water Emulsion. Food Sci. Biotechnol. 18(3):604-609.

Jayakumar, T., Sakthivel, M., Thomas, P. A., and Geraldine, P. , 2008. Pleurotus ostreatus, an oyster mushroom, decreases the oxidative stress induced by carbon tetrachloride in rat kidneys, heart and brain. Chemico-Biological Interactions, 176(2-3):108–120.

Kim, H.-Y., Kim, J.-H., Yang, S.-B., et al., 2007. A polysaccharide extracted from rice bran fermented with Lentinus edodes enhances natural killer cell activity and exhibits anticancer effects. Journal of Medicinal Food, 10(1):25–31.

Kim, Y.W., Kim, K.H., Choi, N.H.J., Lee, D.S.,2005. Anti-diabetic activity of betaglucans and their enzymatically hydrolyzed oligosaccharides from Agaricus blazei. J Biotechnol Lett 27(7):7-483. URL: http://www.ncbi.nl-m.nih.gov / pubmed/15928854.

Lai, L. K., Abidin, N. Z., Abdullah, N., and Sabaratnam, V., 2010. Anti-human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 E6 activity of Ling Zhi or Reishi medicinal mushroom, Ganoderma lucidum (W. Curt.: Fr.) P. Karst. (Aphyllophoromycetideae) extracts. International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, 12(3):279–286.

Mahajna, J., Dotan, N., Zaidman, B.Z., Petrova, R.D., and Wasser, S.P., 2009. Pharmacological values of medicinal mushrooms for prostate cancer therapy: the case of Ganoderma lucidum. Nutrition and Cancer 61(1):16-26.

Manzi, P. and Pizzoferrato, L., 2000. Beta-glucans in edible mushrooms. Food Chemistry, 68(3):315–318.

Martin, P., 2010. Medicinal Mushrooms: A Clinical Guide. Mycology Press. UK.

Mattila, P., Konko, K., Eurula, M. et al., 2001. Contents of vitamins, mineral elements, and some phenolic compounds in cultivated mushrooms. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 49(5):2343–2348.

Mowsumi,F.R., and Choudhury, M.B.K.,2010. Oyster Mushroom: Biochemical and Medicinal Prospects Bangladesh. J.Med Biochem: 3(1):23-28

Ng., T. B., and Wang, H. X. ,2005. Pharmacological actions of Cordyceps, a prized folk medicine. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 57(12):1509–1519.

Pereira, E., Barros, L., Martins, A., and Ferreira, I. C. F. R. ,2012. Towards chemical and nutritional inventory of Portuguese wild edible mushrooms in different habitats. Food Chemistry, 130(2):394–403.

Rao,Y. K., Fang, S.-H., Wu, W.-S., and Tzeng,Y.-M. ,2010. Constituents isolated from Cordyceps militaris suppress enhanced inflammatory mediator's production and human cancer cell proliferation. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 131(2):363–367.

Reza, M. A., Hossain, M. A., Lee, S. J., et al.,2014. Dichlormethane extract of the jelly ear mushroom Auricularia auricula-judae (higher Basidiomycetes) inhibits tumor cell growth in vitro. International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms,16(1):37–47.

Shi, B. J., Nie, X. H., Chen, L. Z., Liu, Y. L., and Tao, W.Y., 2007. Anticancer activities of a chemically sulfated polysaccharide obtained from Grifola frondosa and its combination with 5-fluorouracil against human gastric carcinoma cells. Carbohydrate Polymers, 68(4):687–692.

Standish, L. J., Wenner, C. A., Sweet, E. S., et al., 2008. Trametes versicolor mushroom immune therapy in breast cancer. Journal of the Society for Integrative Oncology, 6(3):122–128.

Stanley, G., Harvey, K., Slivova, V., Jiang, J., and Sliva, D.,2005. Ganoderma lucidum suppresses angiogenesis through the inhibition of secretion of VEGF and TGF-β1 from prostate cancer cells. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 330(1):46–52.

Takaku, T., Kimura, Y., and Okuda, H., 2001. Isolation of an antitumor compound from Agaricus blazei Murill and its mechanism of action. Journal of Nutrition, 131(5):1409–1413.

Thetsrimuang, C., Khammuang, S., Chiablaem, K., Srisomsap, C., and Sarnthima, R., 2011. Antioxidant properties and cytotoxicity of crude polysaccharides from Lentinus polychrous Lev. Food Chemistry, 128(3):634–639.

Wang, J.-C., Hu,S.-H., Liang, Z.-C., and Yeh, C.-J., 2005. Optimization for the production of water-soluble polysaccharide from Pleurotus citrinopileatus in submerged culture and its antitumor effect. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 67(6):759–766.

Wasser, S.P., 2002. Medicinal mushrooms as a source of antitumour and immunomodulating polysaccharides. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol.60:258–74.

Weng, C.-J., and Yen, G.-C., 2010. The in vitro and in vivo experimental evidences disclose the chemopreventive effects of Ganoderma lucidum on cancer invasion and metastasis. Clinical and Experimental Metastasis, 27(5):361–369.

Widyastuti, N., 2013. Pengolahan Jamur Tiram (PleurotusL ostreatus) Sebagai Alternatif Pemenuhan Nutrisi. JSTI BPPT 15(3):1-7.

Widyastuti, N., Donowati, dan Giarni, R., 2016. Heavy Metals Content of the Healthy Drink from Local Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) with Centrifuge Separation Extortion. International Conference on Food, Agriculture, & Culinary Tourism, ICFACT, Samarinda 4-6 August 2015.ISBN 978-602-19230-8-5. Hal 75-80.

Wikipedia, 2017. https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamur_merang (diakses pada 26 Desember 2021, jam 14:16).

Xie, J. T., Wang, C. Z., Wicks, S., et al., 2006. Ganoderma lucidum extract inhibits proliferation of SW 480 human colorectal cancer cells. Experimental Oncology, 28(1):25–29.

Ye, L, Zhang, J., Zhou, S., Wang, S., Wu, D., and Pan, Y., 2009. Preparation of a novel sulfated glycopeptide complex and inhibiting L1210 cell lines property in vitro. Carbohydrate Polymers, 77(2):276–279.

Yeh, M.Y., Ko, W.C., and Lin, L.Y., 2014. Hypolipidemic and antioxidant activity of enoki mushrooms (Flammulinavelutipes). Biomed. Res. Int. 2014, 352385.doi:10.1155/2014/352385.

Zhou, X. W., Su, K. Q., and Zhang, Y. M., 2012. Applied modern biotechnology for cultivation of Ganoderma and development of their products. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 93(3):941–963.

Zhou, X., Gong, Z., Su, Y., Lin, J., and Tang, K., 2009. Cordyceps fungi: natural products, pharmacological functions and developmental products. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, vol. 61(3):279–291.

Zhou, X., Lin, J., Yin, Y., Zhao, J., Sun, X., and Tang, K., 2007. Ganodermataceae: natural products and their related pharmacological functions. The American Journal of Chinese Medicine, vol. 35(4):559–574.




DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36441/jtepakes.v3i2.562

Article Metrics

Abstrak views : 1188 times
PDF views : 1183 times

Dimension Citation Metrics

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


Jurnal Ini Terindeks di:

width= width= width= width=

 


Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional.

 

 

 

View My Stats