HUBUNGAN ANTARA KONSUMSI JENIS CAMILAN MALAM DAN KENAIKAN BERAT BADAN PADA POPULASI DEWASA DI INDONESIA

Athiya Fadlina, Khoirul Anwar

Abstrak


ABSTRAK: Konsumsi camilan pada malam hari dapat meningkatkan asupan energi dan dapat menyebabkan keseimbangan energi positif yang berujung pada peningkatan berat badan.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat hubungan antara konsumsi camilan malam dengan kenaikan berat badan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan menggunakan survei online pada populasi dewasa di Indonesia. Frekuensi dan jenis camilan malam, berat badan, tinggi badan dan kenaikan berat badan dilaporkan melalui kuesioner yang diisikan mandiri oleh subjek. Sebesar 157 subjek terkumpul pada penelitian ini. Didapatkan 39,5% dari subjek mengalami kenaikan berat badan dalam satu tahun terakhir. Sebesar 17,2% dan 24,8% subjek memiliki status gizi beresiko obesitas dan obesitas. Konsumsi camilan malam ≥ 3 kali seminggu dilakukan oleh 46,5% subjek dengan jenis camilan yang paling sering dikonsumsi dari sumber pangan karbohidrat dan berjenis makanan manis.  Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara konsumsi camilan malam berupa makanan berminyak (P-Value = 0,009) dan minuman manis dan (P-Value = 0,048) dengan kenaikan berat. Dibutuhkan intervensi berupa mempromosikan pemilihan makanan yang lebih sehat dan menghindari makanan tinggi gula, energi, dan lemak sebagai camilan malam untuk pencegahan kenaikan berat badan.


Kata Kunci


kenaikan berat badan, camilan malam

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Aini, S.N., 2013. Faktor risiko yang berhubungan dengan kejadian gizi lebih pada remaja di perkotaan. Unnes Journal of Public Health, 2(1).

Barrington, W.E. and Beresford, S.A.A., 2019. Eating Occasions, Obesity and Related Behaviors in Working Adults: Does it Matter When You Snack? Nutrients, 11(10), p.2320. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11102320.

Bolang, C.R., Kawengian, S.E., Mayulu, N. and Bolang, A.S., 2021. Status Gizi Mahasiswa Sebelum dan Di Saat Pandemi COVID-19. Jurnal Biomedik: Jbm, 13(1), pp.76–83.

Bonnell, E.K., Huggins, C.E., Huggins, C.T., McCaffrey, T.A., Palermo, C. and Bonham, M.P., 2017. Influences on Dietary Choices during Day versus Night Shift in Shift Workers: A Mixed Methods Study. Nutrients, 9(3), p.193. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9030193.

Boutari, C. and Mantzoros, C.S., 2022. A 2022 update on the epidemiology of obesity and a call to action: as its twin COVID-19 pandemic appears to be receding, the obesity and dysmetabolism pandemic continues to rage on. Metabolism, 133, p.155217. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.metabol.2022.155217.

Davis, R., Rogers, M., Coates, A.M., Leung, G.K.W. and Bonham, M.P., 2022. The Impact of Meal Timing on Risk of Weight Gain and Development of Obesity: a Review of the Current Evidence and Opportunities for Dietary Intervention. Current Diabetes Reports, 22(4), pp.147–155. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11892-022-01457-0.

Djunet, N.A., 2022. Night Eating Syndrome and Palatable Eating Motives Among Medical Students. 3rd International Conference on Cardiovascular Diseases (ICCvD 2021). Atlantis Press. pp.80–91.

Fruh, S.M., 2017. Obesity: Risk factors, complications, and strategies for sustainable long‐term weight management. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners, 29(Suppl 1), pp.S3–S14. https://doi.org/10.1002/2327-6924.12510.

Hernandez, E., Kim, M., Kim, W.G. and Yoon, J., 2016. Nutritional aspects of night eating and its association with weight status among Korean adolescents. Nutrition Research and Practice, 10(4), p.448. https://doi.org/10.4162/nrp.2016.10.4.448.

Hibi, M., Masumoto, A., Naito, Y., Kiuchi, K., Yoshimoto, Y., Matsumoto, M., Katashima, M., Oka, J. and Ikemoto, S., 2013. Nighttime snacking reduces whole body fat oxidation and increases LDL cholesterol in healthy young women. American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 304(2), pp.R94–R101. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.00115.2012.

Hill, J.O., Wyatt, H.R. and Peters, J.C., 2013. The Importance of Energy Balance. European Endocrinology, 9(2), pp.111–115. https://doi.org/10.17925/EE.2013.09.02.111.

Irdianty, M.S. and Sani, F.N., 2018. Perbedaan Aktivitas fisik dan konsumsi camilan pada remaja obesitas di Kabupaten Bantul. Jurnal Kesehatan Kusuma Husada, pp.91–97.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI, 2018. Hasil utama RISKESDAS 2018. Jakarta Badan Penelit dan Pengemb Kesehatan, Kementrian Kesehat Republik Indones.

Khusun, H., Wiradnyani, L.A.A. and Siagian, N., 2016. FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY AMONG ADULTS IN URBAN INDONESIA. Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan (The Journal of Nutrition and Food Research), 38(2), pp.95–110. https://doi.org/10.22435/pgm.v38i2.5539.95-110.

Nea, F.M., Kearney, J., Livingstone, M.B.E., Pourshahidi, L.K. and Corish, C.A., 2015. Dietary and lifestyle habits and the associated health risks in shift workers. Nutrition research reviews, 28(2), pp.143–166.

Njike, V., Garvin, T., Shuval, O., Shuval, K., Edshteyn, I., Kalantari, V. and Yaroch, A., 2016. Snack Food, Satiety, and Weight. Advances in Nutrition: An International Review Journal, 7, pp.866–878. https://doi.org/10.3945/an.115.009340.

Okada, C., Imano, H., Muraki, I., Yamada, K. and Iso, H., 2019. The Association of Having a Late Dinner or Bedtime Snack and Skipping Breakfast with Overweight in Japanese Women. Journal of Obesity, 2019, pp.1–5. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/2439571.

Pratiwi, A.A. and Nindya, T.S., 2017. Hubungan Konsumsi Camilan dan Durasi Waktu Tidur dengan Obesitas di Permukiman Padat Kelurahan Simolawang, Surabaya. Amerta Nutrition, 1(3), pp.153–161. https://doi.org/10.20473/amnt.v1i3.2017.153-161.

Primadian, K. and Rachmawati, M., 2015. Hubungan antara Jumlah dan Jenis Konsumsi Gorengan dengan IMT Pada Anggota TNI-AD Yonzipur yang Merokok. Prosiding Pendidikan Dokter, pp.680–687.

Sanchez, C., Killgore, W., Gehrels, J., Alfonso-Miller, P. and Grandner, M., 2018. 0127 Nighttime Snacking: Prevalence And Associations With Poor Sleep, Health, Obesity, And Diabetes. Sleep, 41, p.A49.

Sebastian, R.S., Enns, C.W., Goldman, J.D. and Moshfegh, A.J., 2019. Late Evening Food and Beverage Consumption by Adults in the U.S. (23).

Skoczek-Rubińska, A. and Bajerska, J., 2021. The consumption of energy dense snacks and some contextual factors of snacking may contribute to higher energy intake and body weight in adults. Nutrition Research, 96, pp.20–36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2021.11.001.

van der Valk, E.S., van den Akker, E.L.T., Savas, M., Kleinendorst, L., Visser, J.A., Van Haelst, M.M., Sharma, A.M. and van Rossum, E.F.C., 2019. A comprehensive diagnostic approach to detect underlying causes of obesity in adults. Obesity Reviews, 20(6), pp.795–804. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12836.

Vatanparast, H., Islam, N., Patil, R.P., Shafiee, M., Smith, J. and Whiting, S., 2019. Snack Consumption Patterns among Canadians. Nutrients, [online] 11(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11051152.

Waller, S.M., Vander Wal, J.S., Klurfeld, D.M., McBurney, M.I., Cho, S., Bijlani, S. and Dhurandhar, N.V., 2004. Evening ready-to-eat cereal consumption contributes to weight management. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 23(4), pp.316–321.

Wiśniewska, K., Ślusarczyk, K., Jabłonowska-Lietz, B. and Wrzosek, M., 2020. The frequency of snacking and night-time eating habits in the adult obese patients. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 79(OCE2), p.E472. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0029665120004206.

World Health Organization, 2000. The Asia-Pacific perspective: redefining obesity and its treatment.

Xiaoyang, L., Chunlin, Z., Cheng, X., Qian, L., Jin, W., Yongzhi, H. and Peng, Z., 2017. Nighttime snacking is associated with risk of obesity andhyperglycemia in adults: a cross-sectional survey from Chineseadult teachers. The Journal of Biomedical Research, 31(6), p.541. https://doi.org/10.7555/JBR.31.20160083.

Yoshida, J., Eguchi, E., Nagaoka, K., Ito, T. and Ogino, K., 2018. Association of night eating habits with metabolic syndrome and its components: a longitudinal study. BMC Public Health, 18(1), p.1366. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6262-3.

Zeigler, Z., 2021. COVID-19 Self-quarantine and Weight Gain Risk Factors in Adults. Current Obesity Reports, 10(3), pp.423–433. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13679-021-00449-7.




DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36441/jtepakes.v5i1.1748

Article Metrics

Abstrak views : 246 times
PDF views : 173 times

Dimension Citation Metrics

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


Jurnal Ini Terindeks di:

width= width= width= width= 

width=

 


Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional.

 

 

 

View My Stats