ASUPAN ZAT GIZI MAKRO MAHASISWA FAKULTAS TEKNOLOGI PANGAN DAN KESEHATAN UNIVERSITAS SAHID SELAMA PANDEMI COVID-19

Nuraelah Almira, Hamidatun Hamidatun

Abstrak


ABSTRAK: Penularan Covid-19 yang berlangsung dengan cepat menyebabkan pembatasan kegiatan diluar rumah, salah satunya kegiatan pembelajaran jarak jauh untuk mahasiswa. Pembelajaran secara daring dapat mengakibatkan perubahan pola makan selama pandemi menjadi berkurang ataupun berlebih serta akan berdampak terhadap status gizi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk  menganalisis hubungan asupan zat gizi makro pada mahasiswa Fakultas Teknologi Pangan dan Kesehatan Universitas Sahid dengan status gizi selama pandemi Covid-19. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional. Subjek diambil secara non probability sesuai dengan kriteria inklusi berjumlah 40 mahasiswa. Pengambilan data  berat badan, tinggi badan dan asupan zat gizi dilakukan melalui kuesioner secara daring dan wawancara 1x24h food recall. Uji statistik yang digunakan yaitu Anova untuk asupan energi dan karbohidrat, serta Kruskall Wallis untuk asupan protein dan lemak. Hubungan antara asupan zat gizi dengan status gizi menggunakan uji korelasi Spearman. Hasil menunjukkan status gizi subjek underweight, normal, overweight, obesitas I dan obesitas II masing – masing 15%, 60%, 7.5%, 10% dan 7.5%. Sebanyak 50% subjek memiliki kecukupan energi lebih, 47.5% subjek memiliki kecukupan protein defisit, 67.5% berlebih untuk lemak, dan 35% karbohidrat tergolong lebih. Terdapat hubungan signifikan (p=0.05) antara tingkat kecukupan energi dengan status gizi.  


ABSTRACT: The rapid speard of covid-19 caused restrictions on activities outside the home, one of which was study form home for college students. Study form home can result in reduced or excessive dietary changes during the pandemic and will have an impact on nutrional status. Aim of this research was to analyze correlation between macronutrients intake of student in Faculty of Food Technology and Health with nutrional status during pandemic. This was research using cross sectional design. Subject were non-probability according to inclusion criteria as much as 40 students. Data were collected using height and weight and macronutrients through an online questionnaire and interviews. Statistical test used was one way Anova for energy and carbohydrate consumption variables and Kruskall Wallis test for protein and fat consumption variables. Analysis of the  correlation between macronutrients intake of student and nutritional status using Spearman test. The result indicated nutrional status of underweight, normal, overweight, obesity I dan obesity II were 15%, 60%, 7.5%, 10% dan 7.5% consecutively. 50% subject had a energy adequate level was classified as excess, 47.5% had a protein adequate level was classified as deficit, 67.5% excess for fat, and carbohydrate 35% which were classified as excess. There was significant correlation (p=0.05) between energy adequate level  and nutritional status. 


Kata Kunci


Asupan zat gizi, Covid-19, Mahasiswa, Status gizi

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Alalwan TA, Hilal SJ, Mahdi AM, Ahmed MA, Mandeel QA, 2019. Emotional

eating behavior among University of Bahrain students: a cross-sectional

study. Arab J. Basic Appl. Sci. 26(1),424–432.doi:10.1080/25765299.2019.1655836.

Alibabić V, Mujić I, Rudić D, Golob M, Šertović E, Bajramović M, Jokić S, 2014.

Assessment of diet quality and nutritional risks representation of University

of Bihać. Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci. 116,2137–2140.

Almatsier S, Soetardjo S, Soekarti M., 2011. Gizi

Seimbang Dalam Daur Kehidupan.

Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Fia D, 2021. Hubungan Tingkat Stres, Emotional eating, Kebiasaan Snacking dan Asupan zat gizi mahasiswa selama pandemi Covid-19. Skripsi. Program Stusi Gizi, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Jadertina O, 2012. Prethodno priopćenje. Oeconomica Jadertina. 2(1):23–34

Lemeshow, 1997. Besar Sampel Dalam Penelitian Kesehatan. Yogyakarta (ID):

Universitas Gajah Mada

Manita E, Mawarpury M, Khairani M, Sari K, 2019. Hubungan stres dan

kesejahteraan (well-being) dengan moderasi kebersyukuran. Gadjah Mada J.

Psychol.5(2),178.doi:10.22146/gamajop.50121

Maulida R, Nanishi K, Green J, Shibanuma A, Jimba M, 2016. Food-choice

motives of adolescents in Jakarta, Indonesia: The roles of gender and family

income. Public Health Nutr. 19(15),2760–2768.

Matud MP, Díaz A, Bethencourt JM, Ibáñez I, 2020. Stress and psychological

distress in emerging adulthood: A gender analysis. J. Clin. Med.

(9),2859.doi:10.3390/jcm9092859.

Mawitjere MCL, Amisi MD, Sanggelong Y, 2021. Gambaran asupan zat gizi makro mahasiswa semester IV Universitas Sam Ratulangi Saat PPKM Masa Pandemi Covid-19. J Kesmas. 10(2), 1-11.

Pajarinto H, Kadir A, Galugu N, Sari P, Februanti S., 2020. Study from home in

the middle of the COVID-19 pandemic: analysis of religiosity, teacher, and

parents support against academic stress. Talent Development & Excellence.

(2): 1791 – 1807.

Pangemanan AJ, Marsella D, Nancy M, 2021. Gambaran Asupan Zat Gizi Makro Mahasiswa Semester VI UNSRAT Saat Pembatasan Sosial Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal KESMAS, 10(2), Hal 123-132.

Putri RM, Oktaviani AD, Setya A, Utami F, Addiina A, Nisa H, 2020. Hubungan

pembelajaran jarak jauh dan gangguan somatoform dengan tingkat stres

mahasiswa UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta. Indones. J. Heal. Promot.

Behav. 2(1),38–45.

Rahmawati T, 2017. Hubungan asupan zat gizi dengan status gizi mahasiswa semester 3 STIKES PKU MUHAMADIYAH surakarta. Journal PROFESI, 14(2), Hal. 49-57.

Sominsky L, Spencer SJ. Eating Behavior and

Stress : A Pathway to Obesity. Front Psychol.

;5(May):1–8.

Utami HD, Kamsiah, Siregar A, 2020. Hubungann Pola Makan

[WHO] World Health Organization of Western Pacific Region, 2000. The Asia Pacific perspective : Redefining obesity and its treatment. Australia (AU) : Health Communications Australia Pty Limited.

Wijayanti A, 2019. Hubungan Stress,

Perilaku Makan, dan Asupan Zat Gizi

Dengan Status Gizi Pada Mahasiswa

Tingkat Akhir. Journal of Nutrition

College, 8(1), hal 20-24.

Yilmaz HÖ, Aslan R, Unal C, 2020. Effect of the Covid-19 pandemic on eating

habits and food purchasing behaviors of university students. National Public

Health Journal. 15(5),154-159.




DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36441/jtepakes.v4i1.830

Article Metrics

Abstrak views : 70 times
PDF views : 43 times

Dimension Citation Metrics

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


Jurnal Ini Terindeks di:

width= width= width= width=

 


Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional.

 

 

 

View My Stats